See the Landscapes that Inspired
Visit New York State’s museums,
artists’ homes and studios,
and see the landscapes that inspired
the art. A mosaic of art and history
is ready for discovery – explore
the heritage of the Hudson River School
of painters from the 1800’s
and see how a new form of artistic
expression in the 1940’s resulted
in Abstract Expressionism, also known
as the New York School.
At Eaton’s Neck on Long Island
see the landscape the inspired the
painting known by the same name, Eaton’s
Neck, Long Island, 1872 by John F.
Kensett is in the collection at the
Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Fort Putnam and Trophy Point, both
on the grounds of the United States
Military Academy at West Point, were
common vantage points for Hudson River
School artists. Hudson River Scene,
1857, by John F. Kensett, was painted
from the vicinity of Fort Putnam.
The painting is in the permanent collection
at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Washington’s Headquarters in
Newburgh was a vantage point for Hudson
River School artists. Raphael Hoyle’s
Washington’s Headquarters at
Newburgh, 1830 is displayed in Crawford
House, a historical house museum in
The Escarpment in the Catskill Forest
Preserve is a well-known landmark.
The Escarpment is 30 miles in length
and provides beautiful vistas of the
region. Thomas Cole sketched many
works from the escarpment, including
A View of the Two Lakes and Mountain
House, 1844, which is in the permanent
collection at the Brooklyn Museum
Known as the Pine Orchard, this was
the magnificent setting for the Catskill
Mountain House, America’s first
destination mountain resort, built
in 1823, perched on the edge of the
eastern escarpment of the Catkills.
The mountain house provided elegant
19th century R&R for America’s
rich and famous, with a spectacular
view of the Hudson Valley, which enchanted
Hudson River School painters. Morning,
Looking East over the Hudson Valley
from the Catskill Mountains, 1848
by Frederic Edwin Church; which is
in the permanent collection of the
Albany Institute of History and Art
was painted from the vicinity of this
Kaaterskill Falls - One of the most
celebrated scenic sites in 19th century
America, painted several times by
Thomas Cole and most of the artists
of the Hudson River School.
People from many walks of life have
visited Fort Ticonderoga to see the
famous battlefield and fort. Among
these visitors were artists who came
to sketch, paint, and later photograph
the famous Fort and its dramatic setting
on Lake Champlain. The most notable
of these artists was Thomas Cole (1801-1848).
His oil on board View Near Ticonderoga,
1826, now in the collection of Fort
Ticonderoga, depicts the tragic death
of an officer of the Royal American
Regiment during the Seven Years' War.
Cole later modified the painting in
1829 and renamed it Gelyna, View Near
Thomas Cole painted Inspiration Point
at Letchworth State Park in 1839.
The original painting, titled Portage
Falls was given to William H. Seward
when he was the Governor of New York
State, and it still hangs in Seward’s
former home, the Seward House Museum,
in Auburn, New York.
Many Hudson River School artists
painted Niagara Falls, one of the
natural wonders of the world. The
painting Under Niagara, 1858, by Frederic
Edwin Church, was sketched from a
unique vantage point. Church chartered
the Maid of the Mist to take him to
the very base of the Horseshoe Fall.
No artist had dared venture so close,
and the captain kept the steamer headed
into the current for forty minutes
while Church made a rough oil sketch.
The study for Under Niagara is in
the permanent collection at Olana
State Historic site as is Horseshoe
Falls, 1856. Goat Island, also a vantage
point for the adventurous, was the
location from which Niagara from Goat
Island, Winter, 1856, Frederic Edwin
Church, was painted. This painting
is in the collection of the Cooper
Hewitt Design Museum.
SEE THE MASTERPIECES – Hudson
Brooklyn Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of
New -York Historical Society
Olana State Historic Site
The Thomas Cole National Historic
Albany Institute of History and Art
Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute
Fenimore Art Museum